The yerba mate contains xanthine and theophylline, two alkaloids known for their therapeutic use. The xanthine in the yerba mate is called “mateine” and it helps the muscles relax. This is one of the reasons why the mate is excellent for bronchial dilatation. The mateine also stimulates the central nervous system without creating any habit or addiction, which is the main difference with caffeine. Moreover, it works as a mild diuretic, it relaxes the blood vessels, thus reducing the blood pressure, and it enhances the psychomotor activity with no adverse effects, such as insomnia and irritability.
The mate has a rich chemical composition and, as a natural stimulant, it promotes mental and physical activity. The mate also contains a great amount of vitamins, such as B vitamins, which ease the entrance of sugar into the muscles and nerves. Vitamins C and E act as a natural defense and have positive effects on the fibers of the organism. And at the same time, the mineral salts act as a vasodilator, participating both in the work of the cardiovascular system and in the circulation of blood. Moreover, the effect the mate has as a stimulant of the digestive system is well-known, since it triggers the peristaltic movements and it facilitates the digestion. This is what makes the mate highly useful in cases of constipation as well as to stimulate the regular bowel movement.
In short, the yerba has positive effects not only as regards energy and vitality, but it also helps boost concentration and reduce anxiety and jitters. Besides, it makes us less prone to lead a sedentary lifestyle and it improves our moods, even in cases of depression. The fact that the mate is usually drank among a group of friends is not a coincidence, and all the positive effects of the mate are closely related to this.